Mar 212011
 

Got a couple of Master Systems for repair.
This one was completely dead on power up.
First thing to check with a dead unit is voltages. The master system has a voltage regulator which in this case was fine. Second thing to check is the clock signal. The Z80 has its clock signal at pin 6. This was quiet. Traced it back to the large custom chip. Looking at the schematics the custom chip takes the clock signal from the crystal and then outputs a clock to the Z80. I checked pin 30 of the custom and this was also quiet.
On this model the crystal is located under a metal housing that is soldered underneath. I removed this cover and checked the output from the 54Mhz crystal. Nothing. Replaced this and the unit boots again.